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台达智能型A2伺服在高速枕式包装机中的应用

来源:  发布日期:2015-01-21 23:45:59  浏览次数:

摘要:抢庄牛牛本文介绍了台达自动化产品在高速枕式包装机中的系统解决方案,尤其是台达ASD-A2智能型伺服驱动器内建的电子凸轮,高速脉冲抓取、比较,以及参数自行写入功能的在系统方案中的应用,以及电子凸轮曲线的设计规划。台达A2智能型伺服在枕式包装机的应用,使得国内糖果包装机的速度得到了很大的提升,经实际生产测试,可实现每分钟1200包的速度,这一成功应用证明台达在包装业已有了成熟的解决方案,同时也说明国内糖果包装技术跨入了一个更高的水平。

关键词:电子凸轮   飞剪     同步抓取修正轴     高速抓取       ASD-A2  

ZHENSHIBAOZHUANGJISHIYIZHONGWOSHISANMIANFENGKOU,ZIDONGWANCHENGZHIDAI、TIANCHONG、FENGKOU、QIEDUAN、CHENGPINPAICHUDENGGONGXUDEBAOZHUANGSHEBEI,SHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,YUXIANGYINGYANSHENGJIZHONG、FUZHUJIZHONGXIANGPEIHE,NENGSHIXIANSHIPIN、RIYONGHUAGONG、YIYAODENGXINGYEZIDONGHUASHENGCHANXIANDELIUSHUIBAOZHUANG。ZHENSHITANGGUOBAOZHUANGJIZHUYAOYONGYUYUANXINGHUOFANGXINGNAITANGDEBAOZHUANG。

抢庄牛牛CHUANTONGDEZHENSHIBAOZHUANGJIHENGFENGDAODEYUNDONGQUXIANSHIYOUJIXIEDETULUNLAISHIXIANDE,JIXIEJIAGONG、ANZHUANGFUZA,YUNXINGZAOYINDA,XIAOLVDI;YOUYUJIXIEDEJUXIANXING,QIBAOZHUANGSUDUJINNENGDADAO600KE/FENZHONG,SUIZHEXINGYEJINGZHENGDERIYIJILIE,YIJIRENLICHENGBENDEZENGJIA,BAOZHUANGSHEBEIZIDONGHUACHENGDUYIJIBAOZHUANGSUDUYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO。YAOSHIXIANGAOSUBAOZHUANG,ZHENGGEKONGZHIXITONGDEXIANGYINGHECHULISUDUYAOQIUGENGJIAKEKE,CHUANTONGDEKONGZHIQIYIJINGNANYIMANZUYAOQIU,YIWANGBAOZHUANGCAIQIESUOSHIYONGJIXUEITULUNBIXUCAIYONGSIFUDEDIANZITULUNLAITIHUAN。TAIDAA2GAOXINGNENGZHINENGSIFUKONGZHIQICHUNEIJIANDIANZITULUNGONGNENGWAI,32WEIGAOSUDSPCHULIHEXIN,NEIJIANGAOSUMAICHONGZHUAQU、BIJIAO,GAOSUYUNDONGKONGZHIGONGNENG,WANQUANKEYISHIXIANBAOZHUANGSHEBEIGAOSUDEGONGYIYAOQIU。

ZHENDUIBAOZHUANGXINGYESUOZHUANMENKAIFADEFEIJIANDIANZITULUNMOXING,TONGBUZHUAQUXIUZHENGZHOUGONGNENGNEIQIANYUA2SIFUKONGZHIQINEI。GONGNENGQIQUAN,BIANJIJIANDANDESIFUBIANJIRUANJIANASD-A2 SOFT,RENXINGHUADEJIEKOUSHEJI,DEXINYINGSHOUDEKUAIJIECAIDAN,SHIDEZHENGGEXITONGDESHEJIGUIHUAQINGERYIJU,SUISHOUKEDE,DADAJIANSHAOLEDIAOJISHIJIAN。

设备原理

TANGGUOJINGYUANXINGPANZHENGLIHOU,JINRUZHIXIANLIANGOUJIGOU,BEILIANGOUSONGJINBAOZHUANGMONEI,RANHOUJINXINGZONGFENGHEHENGFENGBAOZHUANG,YIWANCHENGCHENGPINCAIQIE。JUTIJIEGOURUTU1SUOSHI

图 1 三伺服枕式糖果包装机

工艺流程

抢庄牛牛ZHENSHIBAOZHUANGJIDESONGMOZUOWEIXITONGZHUZHOU。QIEDAOHESONGLIAOGENSUIZHUZHOUYUNZUO,SONGLIAOHEHENGQIESIFUKONGZHIQIZHIJIEZHUAQUMOWEISEBIAOXINHAOJINXINGWEIZHIJIANCE,YIQUEDINGSONGLIAOHEDEWEIZHI,BOMOJINGCHENGXINGQICHENGXINGHOUBIANWEITONGMO,BINGJINXINGZONGXIANGREFENG,TONGSHIWULIAOBEISONGJINTONGMONEI,YIQIXIANGQIANJINGGUOHENGFENGHENGQIEBUWEI,YOUHUIZHUANSHIDEHENGFENGHENGQIEDAODUITONGMOJINXINGHENGXIANGFENGQIE,SHUCHUBAOZHUANGCHENGPIN,JUTIGONGYILIUCHENGTUHEGONGYIJIEGOUTUFENBIECANZHAOTU2、TU3

图 2.工艺流程图

图 3.工艺结构图

系统配置

抢庄牛牛CIXITONGBAOKUOPLC,HMI,SIFUYIJIWENDUKONGZHIMOKUAI,YOUYUTAIDAASDA-A2SIFUKONGZHIQINEIHANDIANZITULUNGONGNENG,SANTAISIFUJIKEWANCHENGSONGMO,SONGLIAOYIJICAIQIEGONGYI,PLCZHIXUZUOI/OKONGZHI,DADAJIESHENGLESHANGWEIJIDEANGGUICHENGBEN,CHENGXUDEGUIHUAYEGENGJIAJIANDAN,TAIDAJIEJUEFANGANZHIXITONGDIANQIKONGZHIRUTU4SUOSHI,XIANGXIPEIZHIRUBIAO1SUOSHI;

图 4.台达系统电气控制图

表1 高速枕式糖果包装机电控配置

名称

型号

数量

用途

伺服驱动器

ASD-A2-1523-B

1 pcs

包装膜牵引

ASD-A2-1521-B

1 pcs

糖果送入

ASD-A2-2022-B

1 pcs

横封裁切

PLC

DVP-14SS

1 pcs

主控制器

温控器

DTC1000

3 pcs

纵封,横封加热

     系统控制原理

TAIDAXITONGJIEJUEFANGAN,WEILEMANZUGAOSUDEYAOQIU,SONGMO、SONGLIAOLIANGOU、QIEDAOSANGEZHOUJUNSHIYONGSIFUKONGZHI,SANZHOUZHIJIANDEYUNDONGKONGZHIYIJUTULUNZHUCONGGUANXIWANCHENG,ZHENGGEXITONGKONGZHIFANGANRUTU5SUOSHI

1.SONGMOZHOU(ZHOU3)

抢庄牛牛CIZHOUCAIYONGSUDUKONGZHI,ZUOWEIZHENGGEXITONGDEZHUZHOU。XIADAMAICHONGMINGLINGJIQIEDAOZHOUHESONGLIAOZHOU,ZHIHUITULUNZHOUYUNZHUAN。

2.QIEDAOZHOU(ZHOU2)

抢庄牛牛YIPRMOSHI(NEIBUWEIZHIKONGZHIMOSHI)NEIJIANDEDIANZITULUNGENSUIZHUZHOUYUNXING,QIEDAOZHOUJIESHOUSONGMOZHUZHOUDEMAICHONGOA,/OA;OB,/OB,YITULUNFEIJIANQUXIANGENSUIZHUZHOUYUNDONG,DANGQIEDAOZHOUSIFUKONGZHIQIJIANCEDAOSEBIAOGUANGDIANS1XINHAO,TULUNQIDONGYUNZHUAN,ZAIYUNZHUANGUOCHENGZHONG,SIFUKONGZHIQIHUIZHUAQUS1DEXINHAO,LIYONGNEIJIANDETONGBUZHUAQUXIUZHENGZHOU(SEBIAOBUCHANGGONGNENG),DIAOJIETULUNSUDU,BAOZHENGJINGZHUNDECAIQIEWEIZHI。

3.SONGLIAOZHOU(ZHOU1)

YIPRMOSHI(NEIBUWEIZHIKONGZHIMOSHI)NEIJIANDEDIANZITULUNGENSUIZHUZHOUYUNXING,MAICHONGLAIYUANWEISONGMOZHUZHOUDEOA,/OA;OB,/OB,DANGJIANCEDAOSEBIAOGUANGDIANS1,ZEYIJUGUIHUAHAODETULUNQUXIANGENSUIZHUZHOUYUNZHUAN,BINGSHISHIZHUAQUS1XINHAO,LIYONGNEIJIANTONGBUZHUAQUXIUZHENGZHOUJINXINGTANGWEIDEZIDONGDIAOJIE。 

图 5.台达系统控制方案

    系统电子凸轮规划设计

Delta ASD-A2SIFUNEIJIANPR(NEIBUWEIZHIKONGZHIMOSHI)MOSHI,PRMOSHIXIA,NEIJIAN64DUANDINGWEICHENGXU,BUJINKEYISHIXIANYUANDIANFUGUI,WEIZHIKONGZHI,DINGSUKONGZHI,HAIJUYOUWEIZHIHESUDUCHADUAN,ZHONGDIEGONGNENG,CANSHUXIERU,DINGWEICHENGXUDUANZHIJIANDETIAOYUEHEDIAOYONG,TONGSHIJUYOUDIANZITULUNGONGNENG,GAOSUZHUAQU(capture)HEBIJIAO(compare)GONGNENG,SUOYIQIEDAOZHOUHELIANGOUZHOUDEYUANDIANFUGUI

    WUXUSHANGWEIJIDECANYU,JIKEWANCHENG,QIZHUYAOprGUIHUARUXIA

    参数说明:

P5-39=0X0020:CAPZHOUMINGLINGLAIYUAN:pulse cmd

抢庄牛牛P5-88=0X0251:TULUNZHOUZHUZHOULAIYUAN:TONGBUZHUAQUXIUZHENGZHOU

抢庄牛牛             NIEHESHIJI:CAPZHOURENYIYIDIANDONGZUO

             TUOLISHIJI:BUTUOLI

抢庄牛牛P5-97=1:KAIQIHONGZHILING,JITONGBUZHOUQIYONG

横封切断轴飞剪曲线设计

Delta ASDA-A2SIFUKONGZHIQINEIJIANFEIJIANTULUNMOXING,RUTU6SUOSHI;SUOYISHIDEFEIJIANDIANZITULUNQUXIANDESHEJIJIANDANYIXING,LIYONGASD-A2 PC softSUOTIGONGDEE-CAM EDITORGONGNENG,DIAOSHIZHEZHIXUJIANGJIXIECANSHUSHURUXIATUHONGSEFANGKUANGNEIDEDUIYINGWEIZHI, ASDA-A2 PC softJIANGHUIZIDONGSHENGCHENGFEIJIANQUXIAN。KAOLVDAOBUTONGBAOZHUANGMODEREFENGNANYICHENGDU,ZAICAIQIEQUSHELITONGBUQU。TONGBUQUWEI50°,RUTU7SUOSHI

图 6飞剪电子凸轮模型

                                图7 台达ASD-A2飞剪凸轮编辑界面


图8 ASD-A2软体产生的飞剪裁切电子凸轮速度曲线

链钩轴电子凸轮曲线设计

LIANGOUZHOUYONGTUZAIYUJIANGTANGGUOSONGRUBAOZHUANGMONEI,ZHIYAOYUSONGMOZHUZHOUBAOCHIWEIZHITONGBUJIKE,SUOYIQIYISONGMOZHOUZUOWEIZHUDONGZHOU,GENSUISONGMOZHOUJINXINGTONGBUYUNZHUAN。JISONGMOZHOUMEISONGCHUYIGEBAOZHUANGZHANGDUDEMAICHONG,LIANGOUYUNXINGYIGELIANGOUDEGOUJU,GENJUJIXIEJIEGOU,LIANGOUZHOUMADAZHUANYIQUAN,LIANGOUZOUYIGELIANJU,ERSIFUYIZHUANDUIYINGMAICHONGWEI100000puu,SUOYI360°DEWEIZHIMAICHONGWEI100000puu。ZAIGUIHUAQUXIANSHI,LIYONGDelta ASDA-A2 PC softSUOTIGONGDEmanual create GONGNENG,JIANLIWEIZHIDEHANSHUBIAOGE,RUTU9SUOSHI;ASDA-A2 PC softBIANHUIYIJUSANCIQUXIANZIDONGGUIHUACHUSUDUHEJIASUQUXIAN,RUTU10SUOSHI,

图9 送料轴凸轮曲线位置表格

图10 ASD-A2软体自动建立的链钩电子凸轮曲线

高速枕式糖果包装机伺服色标补偿功能

A2SIFUKONGZHIQINEIJIANTONGBUZHUAQUXIUZHENGZHOUGONGNENG(JICHUANTONGDESEBIAOZIDONGBUCHANGGONGNENG),SIFUKONGZHIQILIYONGNEIJIANDEGAOSUMAICHONGZHUAQUGONGNENG,TONGGUOSEBIAOGUANGDIANZHUAQUZHUDONGZHOULIANGCISEBIAOJIANDEMAICHONGSHUMU,YUSIFUKONGZHIQINEIBUYONGHUSUOSHEDINGDELILUNCAIQIELIANG(P5-78DESHEDINGZHI)TONGGUOcompareGONGNENGZUOBIJIAO,GENJUTONGBUXIUZHENGDEXIUZHENGLV(P5-80)DUILIANGZHEZHIJIANDEWUCHAZHI(P5-79)ZUOXIUZHENG,SIFUKONGZHIQIZUIZHONGYIJUXIUZHENGHOUDEMAICHONGMINGLING(P5-77)YUNXING。QIXIUZHENGYUANLIRUTU11SUOSHI,SHENGCHANGUIGE(MOZHANG)GENGHUANDIAOJISHI,ZHIXUJIANGCAIQIEPIANCHALIANGTONGGUOHMIJISIFUKONGZHIQI,2~3DAOZHIHOU,BIANKEHUODEJINGZHUNDECAIQIEJINGDU,DADAJIANSHAOLESHICHEGUOCHENGZHONGDEBAOZHUANGMOLANGFEI。ASD-A2DETONGBUZHUAQUXIUZHENGZHOUCANSHUSHEDINGLIUCHENGRUTU12SUOSHI

图11 A2伺服控制器同步抓取修正轴原理框图


图 12 同步抓取修正轴参数设定流程

HMI建立飞剪曲线功能

ASD-A2SIFUKONGZHIQIFEIJIANQUXIANDEJIANLI,CHULELIYONGPCRUANTISUOTIGONGDEECAM EDITERJIANLIWAI,HAITIGONGGENGJIABIANJIEDEQUXIANJIANLIFANGSHI,JIHMIFEIJIANQUXIANJIANLIGONGNENG。QIHMIGUIHUARUTU,YONGHUZHIXUZAIZHUANGJISHIJIANGSHEBEIJIXIEJIEGOUCANSHUSHURUHMI,TONGGUOHMIHONGZHILINGBIANKEKONGZHISIFUKONGZHIQISHIXIANFEIJIANQUXIANDEJIANLI,RUXUSHENGCHANGUIGEBIANGENG,YONGHUZHIXUSHURUCAIQIEZHANGDU,FEIJIANQUXIANBIANKEZIDONGBIANGENG。

遮没功能

抢庄牛牛A2SIFUKONGZHIQINEIJIANSEBIAOZHEMEIGONGNENG,KEYOUXIAOBIMIANBAOZHUANGMOWURAN,SEBIAOCUOYINSUOYINQIDEGUANGDIANWUDONGZUO,ZENGJIALEZHENGGEXITONGDEWENDINGXING。RUTU13SUOSHI;P5-78WEICAIQIEZHANGDUDEMAICHONGSHEDINGZHI,P5-96WEIZHEMEIQUMAICHONGZHANGDU,CIGONGNENGSHEDINGHOU,ZAIZHEMEIQUYUNEI,JISHISEBIAOWUDONGZUO,YEBUHUIYINGXIANGDAOZHENGGEXITONGDEXINGNENG。

图13 A2伺服控制器遮没功能原理

台达A2高性能伺服控制器解决方案的效果

GAITAOGAOSUZHENSHIBAOZHUANGJIXITONGWEIQUANDIANQISHEJI,CHEDIJIEJUELEYUANYOUSHEBEIJIXIETULUNZHANGQIMOSUNZAOCHENGDECAIQIEXIAOGUOBIANCHA,DIAOZHENGFUZADEBIBING,BUJINJIANHUALESHEBEIDEJIXIEJIEGOU,JIESHENGLEJIXIEDEBAOYANGCHENGBEN,SHIDEDIAOJIBIANDEGENGJIANDAN。TONGSHIGAIJINHOUDEQUANDIANQIXITONG,SHEBEIWENDINGXINGYEDADATIGAO。QIZHUYAOYOUDIANRUXIA:

抢庄牛牛①     BAOZHUANGJINGDUDADATIGAO,CAIQIEJINGDUKEDADAO0.5mm

②     ZAIXITONGWEI4BADAOSHI,DADAO1200BAO/FEN;

③ TANGWEIHEQIEDUANDEJIXIEJIEGOUBUZAIXUYAO,SHIJIXIEJIEGOUJIANDAN

抢庄牛牛④ DIANZITULUNTIDAIJIXIETULUN,YIYUDIAOJIHEWEIXIU,TONGSHIJIANSHAOGONGZUOZAOYIN;

⑤ YUNDONGKONGZHIJUYOUSIFUNEIBUCHENGXUWANCHENG,DADAJIANHUALESHANGWEIJIDEKONGZHINANDUHECHENGBEN

抢庄牛牛⑥ HENGFENGFEIJIANTULUNQUXIANDEJIANLI,WUXUPCRUANJIAN,TONGGUOHMIJIKEWANCHENGQUXIANDEJIANLI

图14  实际生产中的飞剪轴速度曲线

    结语

JIYUTAIDAASD-A2GAOXINGNENGSIFUKONGZHIQIDEXITONGSHEJI,SIFUKONGZHIQINEIJIANDIANZITULUN,TONGBUFEIJIAN,GAOSUTONGBUSEBIAOZHUAQUXIUZHENGZHOU,YIJISIFUprCANSHUXIERUGONGNENG。CIXITONGPLCJINQIDAOI/OKONGZHIGONGNENG,QITADEFUZAYUNDONGKONGZHIYUNSUANGONGNENGJUNYOUSIFUWANCHENG,DADAJIESHENGLEYUSHANGWEIJIDEGOUTONGSHIJIAN,WEISHIXIANGAOSUBAOZHUANGYAOQIUQIDAOLEGUANJIANDEZUOYONG。

    FEIJIAN、DIANZITULUN、GAOSU、SHISHIJIUPIANDENGGONGNENG,SHIMUQIANHENDUOOEMJIXIEYOUQISHIBAOZHUANGJIXIEXINGYEDEGAODUANJIXINGTICHUDEXUQIU,ZAISHIXIANZHEIXIEGONGNENGDETONGSHI,NENGGOUJIANGYUANXIANDESHENGCHANXIAOLVTIGAO2~3BEISHENZHIGENGDUO,ZAIBUJIUDEJIANGLAIHUICHENGWEIZHULIUQUSHI。

抢庄牛牛    TAIDAA2GAOXINGNENGSIFUKONGZHIQIZAISANSIFUGAOSUZHENSHITANGGUOBAOJIZHONGDECHENGGONGYINGYONG,SHUOMINGTAIDAZAIGAOSUBAOZHUANGJIXINGYEYIJINGYOULEHENHAODEYINGDUICHANPINYIJIXITONGJIEJUEFANGAN。


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